Endodontics is the study of the tooth pulp, and diagnosis of infected pulp. The dentists at Meadows Dental Group are experienced and adept at basic endodontics(Root Canal Treatment). More complex treatment may need to be referred to a specialist endodontist for their additional training and expertise.
If the nerve within your tooth becomes infected, successful root canal treatment can keep you from losing the tooth while treating the infection before it causes health complications. Properly performed, a root canal is no more uncomfortable than having a cavity filled, though the procedure is more complex. It is the removal of infected or dead pulp (the inner nerves and blood vessels) from inside the tooth, and the filling and sealing of the resulting space.
An infected (abscessed) tooth causes discomfort in the form of swelling and toothache. It can also cause severe health complications, because the bacteria from the infection can enter the bloodstream and travel to other parts of the body. One way to treat the infection is to remove the tooth and disinfect the area. However, tooth loss creates a gap between surrounding teeth that often necessitates a dental implant or bridge. It is preferable to save the tooth if possible through root canal (endodontic) treatment.
Your Dentist at Meadows Dental Group begins by applying local anesthesia and isolating the area with a rubber dam. Then they drill an opening in the tooth to access the infected pulp, remove it and clean the area with specialized tools. We fill the root space with a filling material. Finally, we must seal the surface of the tooth with a crown to prevent further infection and restore the function and appearance of the tooth. Depending on the complexity, and whether infection is present, root canal treatment may require more than one visit to complete. The crown restoration, if needed, is done separately.
If your tooth is more complex than usual, it may be necessary to be referred to an Endodontist, who has additional training, experience and more specified equipment for technically-challenging cases. For example, If your tooth has calcification (calcium deposits which make the canal too narrow to perform a root canal) treatment through a microscope may be necessary. Sometimes, endodontic surgery may be necessary to clean and seal the remainder of the canal. The most common endodontic surgery procedure is the apicoectomy. Apicoectomy is an effective procedure involving the surgical removal of a root end cavity and sealing of the root canal. The purpose of this procedure is to fight infection in the tissues surrounding the tip of the root, thereby saving the tooth from extraction.